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Author Topic: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down  (Read 10610 times)

Offline Wolfram

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JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« on: June 26, 2008, 02:25:36 PM »
If you are just starting out in jazz, this is the place for you!  I am trying to put together some cool learning tools for you.  If I go to fast, let me know.  If I am going to slow, bump yourself out to the next level.  :o)
 ;D

Offline Wolfram

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #1 on: June 26, 2008, 02:34:12 PM »
Okay I think what I want to do here is start out with a refresher for everyone.  If this is all old hat to you let me know and I will move forward.  We will probably end up having two or three different threads going on this subjest:

Jazz 101. Jazz Intermediate and Jazz Advanced.  This way we do not waste a lot of time going over stuff that some of you already know and I can still help out those that are just starting out.  The only way to determine where YOU are is to be honest with yourself.  Push yourself to take in as much as you can.  I will tell you that I will use standard notation here if I can. (I am working on a flash program now, Maybe I can get the mods to let me post documents?)  Anyway that is the plan.

The first part is about language.  We will be using standard jazz lingo here so I wanted to make sure than we all know what that is:

Jazz uses the Roman Numeral system much like Gospel.  Let's lay out an Eb major scale:

                                                    Eb      F      G      Ab      Bb      C      D      Eb
Now, let's take that scale and place roman numerals under it:

                                                     Eb      F      G      Ab      Bb      C      D      Eb
                                                      I       II      III    IV        V       VI    VII     I

What does this all do for us?  It gives us a beacon for future reference and allows us to call the scale degree a proper name when talking about it in theory / improv.

I = Tonic.  The Key Note of the song (Prime)
II = Supertonic
III - Mediant.  (Halfway point from tonic to dominant)
IV - Subdominant
V - Dominant.  (This is the dominant element of the key)
VI - Submediant.  (Halfway point from tonic to subdominant)
VII - Leading tone. (with melody tending toward the tonic)

It does not matter what key you are in or what alteration you use this numbering system will stay the same

Examples:

C Harmonic Minor

C     D     Eb    F     G     Ab     B     C 
I     II     bIII   IV    V     bVI    VII   I

C Melodic Minor

C     D     Eb    F     G     Ab     B     C     Bb     Ab     G     F     Eb     D     C
I      II     bIII  IV    V     bVI   VII    I     bVII   bVI    V     IV    bIII    II     I

As you can see we can alter the roman numeral in these cases by adding an accidental in front of it (b or #) otherwise they stay the same, no matter what key.  This is called a moveable Do in solfage.  The tonic moves to the note that the key of the song centers on.

Ok, tell me when that settles and we will go on....

Offline Wolfram

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #2 on: June 27, 2008, 11:38:14 AM »
Here is the example in C... written in notation...

Offline Wolfram

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #3 on: June 30, 2008, 01:21:17 PM »
When you look at this example, you see a bunch of Roman numerals and then a bunch of what I like to call "egg-head" words.  I wanted to put the terminolgy in to show everyone how complicated people can sometimes make music if you let them.  There are a few big words that we have to use in jazz to help us communicate.  In this case, the ones that you will find useful to remember are:

Tonic, Dominant and the Leading Tone  Other than that the other thing you want to get out of this lesson is the Roman Numerals.  We will be using those a bunch :)

Offline Mkuyus

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #4 on: October 28, 2008, 05:36:21 AM »
Thank you..This first step is so nice. Can I move to another step Please?

Offline motown01

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #5 on: March 02, 2009, 11:47:00 AM »
great information.. Thanks!
UMG

Offline jonesgrp

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #6 on: March 07, 2009, 07:59:41 PM »
Very very nice! Ready to  move... :)

Offline outkast

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #7 on: October 18, 2009, 10:31:19 PM »
awesome info, very clear.

Offline musiqisme26

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #8 on: October 19, 2009, 09:04:53 AM »
theory thank you

Offline dwest2419

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #9 on: February 21, 2013, 01:40:53 PM »
This what I was taught. I can understand roman numerals a lot.

Offline rudyrude

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #10 on: May 19, 2013, 05:18:08 PM »
Looking for something for alto saxophone where should I start. I am a late bloomer. I do like what you have as far as the blues scale so I guess I will start there

joshua jazzy

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #11 on: July 11, 2014, 01:04:58 PM »
wonderful great job

Offline Zumicvic

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #12 on: October 15, 2014, 05:28:14 PM »
Nice job bro

Offline agbofame

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #13 on: October 21, 2014, 07:52:46 AM »
tanks bro pls add more ;)

Offline dfkjb65r6adf

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Re: JAZZ 101 - Gettin' the basics down
« Reply #14 on: September 01, 2015, 02:48:29 AM »
 ;)My first step Jazz...not bad.Thanks this Topic so much . ;)
........so Good.



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