LearnGospelMusic.com Community

Please login or register.
Pages: [1] 2 3   Go Down

Author Topic: All 12 major scales  (Read 19636 times)

Offline T-Block

  • Moderator
  • LGM Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 17289
  • Gender: Male
  • I got my MBA!!!

All 12 major scales
« on: November 17, 2005, 11:28:46 PM »
I don't know if I posted this or if there is a another link with this, but here it is anyways:

The formula for a major scale is: _WS_ WS_ HS_ WS_ WS_ WS_ HS_

HS = half step; from one key to the very next key going forwards or backwards, regardless of color

WS = whole step; from one key to the next key with one key in between going forwards or backwards, regardless of color.

First, start on any note, then follow the formula of whole and half steps.  

Your fingers are numbered like this (same for both hands):

Thumb = 1
Index = 2
Middle = 3
Ring = 4
Pinky = 5

Now that u know all that, here are all your major scales w/fingering.  I suggest u write them out yourself at least one time to get more familiar with them and so u can put them in order:

C maj. scale (no # or b):  C  D  E  F  G  A  B  C  
D maj. scale (2#):  D  E  F#  G  A  B  C#  D
E maj. scale (4#):  E  F#  G#  A  B  C#  D#  E
G maj. scale (1#):  G  A  B  C  D  E  F#  G
A maj. scale (3#):  A  B  C#  D  E  F#  G#  A

R.H.   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   5
L.H.   5   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1
         

Db maj. scale (5b):  Db  Eb  F  Gb  Ab  Bb  C  Db
C# maj. scale (7#):  C#  D#  E#  F#  G#  A#  B#  C#

R.H.   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2
L.H.   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3


Eb maj. scale (3b):  Eb  F  G  Ab  Bb  C  D  Eb

R.H.   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3
L.H.   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3


F maj. scale (1b):  F  G  A  Bb  C  D  E  F

R.H.   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   4
L.H.   5   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1


F# maj. scale (6#):  F#  G#  A#  B  C#  D#  E#  F#
Gb maj. scale (6b):  Gb  Ab  Bb  Cb  Db  Eb  F  Gb

R.H.   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   4   5
L.H.   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   3


Ab maj. scale (4b):  Ab  Bb  C  Db  Eb  F  G  Ab

R.H.   2   3   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3
L.H.   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3


Bb maj. scale (2b):  Bb  C  D  Eb  F  G  A  Bb

R.H.   3   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4
L.H.   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3


B maj. scale (5#):  B  C#  D#  E  F#  G#  A#  B
Cb maj. scale (7b):  Cb  Db  Eb  Fb  Gb  Ab  Bb  Cb

R.H.   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   5
L.H.   4   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1

If anyone needs help playing this, just let me know and I will explain in details.
Real musicians play in every key!!!
Music Theory, da numbers work!

Offline RJDAD01

  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1

All 12 major scales
« Reply #1 on: December 12, 2005, 08:23:56 PM »
I am a beginner and i need help on how to play these scales..

God Bless

Offline T-Block

  • Moderator
  • LGM Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 17289
  • Gender: Male
  • I got my MBA!!!

All 12 major scales
« Reply #2 on: December 13, 2005, 01:41:15 PM »
How do u play a scale?  Well, for any scale when you are going up the keyboard, you tuck your finger under.  When you are going down the keyboard, you cross your finger over.  Here is a detailed explanation of how to play the C major scale:

Numbers correspond to fingers:

thumb = 1
index = 2
middle = 3
ring = 4
pinky = 5

RH: 1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   5
LH: 5   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1 (RH in reverse)

RH forward: (1)thumb, (2)index, (3)middle, tuck (1)thumb, (2)index, (3)middle, (4)ring, tuck (1)thumb, (2)index, (3)middle, tuck (1)thumb, (2)index, (3)middle, (4)ring, (5)pinky

RH backward: (5)pinky, (4)ring, (3)middle, (2)index, (1)thumb, cross (3)middle, (2)index, (1)thumb, cross (4)ring, (3)middle, (2)index, (1)thumb, cross (3)middle, (2) index, (1) thumb

LH forward: (5)pinky, (4)ring, (3)middle, (2)index, (1)thumb, cross (3)middle, (2)index, (1)thumb, cross (4)ring, (3)middle, (2)index, (1)thumb, cross (3)middle, (2) index, (1) thumb

LH backward: (1)thumb, (2)index, (3)middle, tuck (1)thumb, (2)index, (3)middle, (4)ring, tuck (1)thumb, (2)index, (3)middle, tuck (1)thumb, (2)index, (3)middle, (4)ring, (5)pinky

*As you play this scale, make sure to keep your arms straight and your fingers  curved.  Use the same technique that use to type on a computer keyboard.

Try to use this information to figure out how to play the other scales.  If you still having trouble, just let me know.
Real musicians play in every key!!!
Music Theory, da numbers work!

Offline cfullw

  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 37

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #3 on: December 14, 2005, 12:25:10 PM »
Quote from: T-Block
I don't know if I posted this or if there is a another link with this, but here it is anyways:

The formula for a major scale is: _WS_ WS_ HS_ WS_ WS_ WS_ HS_

HS = half step; from one key to the very next key going forwards or backwards, regardless of color

WS = whole step; from one key to the next key with one key in between going forwards or backwards, regardless of color.

First, start on any note, then follow the formula of whole and half steps.  

Your fingers are numbered like this (same for both hands):

Thumb = 1
Index = 2
Middle = 3
Ring = 4
Pinky = 5

Now that u know all that, here are all your major scales w/fingering.  I suggest u write them out yourself at least one time to get more familiar with them and so u can put them in order:

C maj. scale (no # or b):  C  D  E  F  G  A  B  C  
D maj. scale (2#):  D  E  F#  G  A  B  C#  D
E maj. scale (4#):  E  F#  G#  A  B  C#  D#  E
G maj. scale (1#):  G  A  B  C  D  E  F#  G
A maj. scale (3#):  A  B  C#  D  E  F#  G#  A

R.H.   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   5
L.H.   5   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1
         

Db maj. scale (5b):  Db  Eb  F  Gb  Ab  Bb  C  Db
C# maj. scale (7#):  C#  D#  E#  F#  G#  A#  B#  C#

R.H.   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2
L.H.   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3


Eb maj. scale (3b):  Eb  F  G  Ab  Bb  C  D  Eb

R.H.   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3
L.H.   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3


F maj. scale (1b):  F  G  A  Bb  C  D  E  F

R.H.   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   4
L.H.   5   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1


F# maj. scale (6#):  F#  G#  A#  B  C#  D#  E#  F#
Gb maj. scale (6b):  Gb  Ab  Bb  Cb  Db  Eb  F  Gb

R.H.   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   4   5
L.H.   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   3


Ab maj. scale (4b):  Ab  Bb  C  Db  Eb  F  G  Ab

R.H.   2   3   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3
L.H.   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3


Bb maj. scale (2b):  Bb  C  D  Eb  F  G  A  Bb

R.H.   3   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4
L.H.   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3


B maj. scale (5#):  B  C#  D#  E  F#  G#  A#  B
Cb maj. scale (7b):  Cb  Db  Eb  Fb  Gb  Ab  Bb  Cb

R.H.   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   1   2   3   1   2   3   4   5
L.H.   4   3   2   1   4   3   2   1   3   2   1   4   3   2   1

If anyone needs help playing this, just let me know and I will explain in details.


The problem I have is how to cross certain fingers over to reach a note that is far away!!! :x

Offline T-Block

  • Moderator
  • LGM Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 17289
  • Gender: Male
  • I got my MBA!!!

All 12 major scales
« Reply #4 on: December 15, 2005, 12:40:59 PM »
Yeah, it's a struggle at first, but it becomes easier once you go through it many times.  I still have some trouble with it, and I been playing scales for years.  I try to go through them so fast, that sometimes i just have to slow down and go through each one uisng the proper technique.
Real musicians play in every key!!!
Music Theory, da numbers work!

Offline michaeln

  • LGM Royalty
  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 147

All 12 major scales
« Reply #5 on: January 08, 2006, 10:02:01 PM »
Hey Tblock,

Set me straight on something, your scales here cover two octaves.  When playing a key Ex. C (middle C) playing in the key of C how do i make sure that I'm playing in C and didn't switch to another key (I may have asked this before in private message). And if using (C) W, W, H, W, W, W, H how is that covered over the two octaves?

rjthakid

  • Guest
All 12 major scales
« Reply #6 on: January 09, 2006, 05:48:52 PM »
question: How is the "Blues Scale" used?

Offline 4hisglory

  • LGM Royalty
  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 11073
  • Gender: Male
    • Learn Gospel Musiic

You can...
« Reply #7 on: January 09, 2006, 06:26:49 PM »
You can play the blues scales over any dominant chord.  Example.  The chord C7, you can play the c blues scale over it.
:)

Offline michaeln

  • LGM Royalty
  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 147

All 12 major scales
« Reply #8 on: January 10, 2006, 12:32:09 PM »
Quote from: michaeln
Hey Tblock,

Set me straight on something, your scales here cover two octaves.  When playing a key Ex. C (middle C) playing in the key of C how do i make sure that I'm playing in C and didn't switch to another key (I may have asked this before in private message). And if using (C) W, W, H, W, W, W, H how is that covered over the two octaves?





In my question above the playing in a key reference is for playing a song not doing scales, unless they're the same (don't think they are).

Offline T-Block

  • Moderator
  • LGM Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 17289
  • Gender: Male
  • I got my MBA!!!

All 12 major scales
« Reply #9 on: January 10, 2006, 01:23:07 PM »
michaeln wrote:

Quote
Set me straight on something, your scales here cover two octaves. When playing a key Ex. C (middle C) playing in the key of C how do i make sure that I'm playing in C and didn't switch to another key (I may have asked this before in private message). And if using (C) W, W, H, W, W, W, H how is that covered over the two octaves?

 
O.K., for the first question, when u playing in a cetain key, the order of your chords should all be arranged to at some point return home, or get back to the one chord.  Notice I said one chord, and not just one. If you end up someplace else other than home, then chances are u must have modulated somewhere.  To stay in your key, follow the ZIP Code of music, 3-6-2-5-1.  If you stick to this as much as possible, then there is no way you will ever drift into another key.  So, in C, your ZIP Code is E-A-D-G-C.  Now, that is only half the battle.  The chords are a different story.  The way I come up with chords is by listening to CDs and figuring out what others do, then I "borrow" it for me, LOL.  I don't know how much help that is for you, but if you got a specific song u having trouble, just let me know and I'll do my best to assist you.

O.K., for the second question, once you go up one octave, the whole step half step pattern repeats.  So, up mulitple octaves the pattern is:

_WS_WS_HS_WS_WS_WS_HS (repeat) _ WS_WS_HS_WS_WS_WS_HS_

You got that?  That goes for any major scale.  I hope I have answered both of your qestions successfully.  Any more help, fire away at me, that's what I'm here for.
Real musicians play in every key!!!
Music Theory, da numbers work!

Offline michaeln

  • LGM Royalty
  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 147

All 12 major scales
« Reply #10 on: January 10, 2006, 04:34:21 PM »
Ok, first thank that does help.  Give me a day or two to taken in every letter (word) you said here and I'll come back with examples of what I understand.  This way I'll know that we're reading from the same BOOK!

Offline Yardnu

  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 2
    • http://

Biginner in the building
« Reply #11 on: January 25, 2006, 10:43:19 AM »
Hellow everyone - new to this site as of yesterday - stumbled upon it through curiosity and searching on learning to play.  New to the piano/keyboard world as well.  So far I  have read quite few interesting and useful posts.  Will continue to monitor, communicate and update my progress.  Thanx for having me, to all...be blessed.

Yardnu (yar-nu) "I am here"

Offline allonesound

  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 2226
  • Gender: Female
  • In God... *Im~So~AmAyZeN*

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #12 on: July 20, 2006, 10:48:48 AM »
i was looking at this for a little extra help for my brother thanks!
To get something I've never had.... I have to do something I've never done. *Salvation will pay off*

Offline T-Block

  • Moderator
  • LGM Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 17289
  • Gender: Male
  • I got my MBA!!!

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #13 on: July 20, 2006, 12:41:20 PM »
For those of you who have read and practiced through this, here is something that you may not have noticied.  There is more than 12 major scales, there are in fact 15 major scales (12+3 enharmonics), just to be accurate.  Some of them sound the same, but the notes are different depending on the key.  If you are serious about music theory, then just keep this in mind and learn not only how to play each scale, but also the notes for each scale.  I have all of them written out, but if you didn't catch it before, you can go back and catch it now.  Here they all are for reference purposes:

C
C#
Db
D
Eb
E
F
F#
Gb
G
Ab
A
Bb
B
Cb
Real musicians play in every key!!!
Music Theory, da numbers work!

Offline T-Block

  • Moderator
  • LGM Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 17289
  • Gender: Male
  • I got my MBA!!!

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #14 on: September 13, 2006, 11:45:56 AM »
Here are a few guidelines to help you learn the correct fingering for playing your major scales:

1. You will ALWAYS start a white note major scale with your first finger in the RH. 

2. You will almost ALWAYS start a black note major scale with your 5th finger in the LH.  The only exception is the key of B, which you will start with your 4th finger.

3. You will NEVER start a black note major scale with your thumb.  You will most likely start those with your 2nd or 3rd finger.

*moving foward in LH, backward in RH
4. Don't cross until you have reached your 1st finger.

5. Once you reach your first finger, stop and think which finger to I need to cross over to play the next note.

6. Your 4th finger will almost always play ONLY one note, so if your next note isn't the one to be played by your 4th finger, then you will cross over with your 3rd finger.

*moving backward in LH, forward in RH
7. Don't tuck until you have reach your 3rd or 4th finger.

8. Once you reach your 3rd finger, stop and think do I need to tuck here or keep going to my 4th finger to tuck.

Real musicians play in every key!!!
Music Theory, da numbers work!

Offline PianoWizard

  • LGM Royalty
  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 12887
  • Gender: Male
  • 費思是能力到不恐慌

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #15 on: September 13, 2006, 03:44:55 PM »
Welcome to the LGM family "RJDAD01".......be blessed.

PianoWiz...

Offline rspindy

  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 132

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #16 on: September 15, 2006, 12:53:48 PM »
This might also help you newbies when first learning your scales.  Try practicing the white key scales descending in the R.H. first.  The reason is that you will not need to remember when to cross -- Once you get to your thumb, you have to do something.  Once you are secure with the crossing point descending, then you will have less trouble remembering it ascending.  The L.H. white key scales already work that way ascending.

With that in mind, All of the white key descending scales (except F) begin with the 5th finger.  F will begin with 4 and cross to 4 on the Bb.  All of the ascending L.H. except B begin with the 5th finger.  B will begin with 4 and cross to 4 on the F#.

For black key scales it is easy to learn them either way if you follow this simple rule.  If you put your 2nd finger on the lowest of the group of 2 black keys or 3 black keys, you will start with the finger that falls over the corresponding key (it is easier to see than to describe)

        Db  Eb        Gb  Ab Bb
          X   X          X   X   X     (beautiful rendition of black keys  ;))

Db and Gb starts with 2,  Eb and Ab starts with 3, and Bb starts with 4  -- if you look at a fingering chart for Bb that start with 2 or 3, you will notice that ultimately, 4 ends up on Bb, so why not just start that way?  Any way, you always cross when you need to play a white key.

In the L.H. all of the black key scales start with 3 except for Gb which starts with 4.  Ascending you cross over to 4 on the black key.  Gb crosses to 3 on the Db and 4 on the Gb.

I hope that this is of help to you.
          2   3          2   3   4

Offline PianoWizard

  • LGM Royalty
  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 12887
  • Gender: Male
  • 費思是能力到不恐慌

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #17 on: September 19, 2006, 11:27:15 AM »
Great info "rspindy"..... :)

PianoWiz...

Offline Ladymusic88

  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 173
  • Gender: Female

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #18 on: September 26, 2006, 06:53:17 PM »
Thanks for the refresher course!

Be Blessed!
Ladymusic88

Offline j-is-my-joy

  • LGM Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 52
  • Gender: Female

Re: All 12 major scales
« Reply #19 on: October 07, 2006, 05:39:21 PM »
KEEP IT COMING  THANK X
 THAT GURL WHIT THE ROLLSSSSSSSSSSS THAT MAKE  YA SICK
Pages: [1] 2 3   Go Up